Are Hedgehogs Rodents? A Closer Look at Hedgehog Classification

Are you interested in the small creatures? And you are curious, “Are hedgehogs rodents?” This basic inquiry delves into the complex realm of animal taxonomy and features. Hedgehogs belong to a distinct family. Most people are often confused for rodents due to their size and appearance.

Small mammals called hedgehogs are often found in Asia, Africa, and New Zealand. Hedgehogs aren’t rodents.  They are not related to rodents, and they lack the distinguishing traits that differentiate rodents.  Hedgehogs have distinct teeth and belong to a separate family group. In this article, we’ll clarify hedgehog categorization and clear up any doubt about their relationship to rodents.

What are Rodents?

Rodents are a varied group of mammals belonging to the order Rodentia. They are defined by a set of unique dental traits and 2000 numerous species. Rodents often have robust bodies, small legs, and long tails. The greater part of the boundless creatures on the planet are known as rodents.

They live in practically every sort of habitat which includes rainforests, swamps, marshes, and deserts. They may be found all over the planet except Antarctica. Rodents are distinguished from other animals by their teeth. Rodent’s teeth generally stay sharp on account of their cosmetics.

Are Hedgehogs Rodents?

No, they are not rodents. They belong to the Erinaceomorpha order, which distinguishes them from rodents. Regardless of a few actual similitudes, hedgehogs have remarkable qualities. Understanding their order explains their unmistakable spot in the set of all animals.

are hedgehog rodents

Difference Between a Hedgehog and a Rodent?

Hedgehog’s teeth are fixed in size. Rodent’s teeth develop throughout its life as they are worn down by gnawing. Hedgehogs eat an extraordinary assortment of food varieties, which likewise incorporate bugs. They have canine teeth to make this easier because they are insectivores. They appear to be quite tolerant of venom and have even been known to consume small snakes.

Generally speaking, rats are just herbivores. As a result, they have a unique component of their digestive system called a caecum, which hedgehogs lack but which aids in the digestion of plant cellulose.

Hedgehog Classification

Hedgehogs are members of the Erinaceomorpha group. They differ from rodents in the animal kingdom. Despite certain similarities, like keen teeth and a predilection for digging. Hedgehogs are distinguished from their rodent relatives by distinct characteristics. Understanding the subtleties of their scientific classification is basic for anyone entranced by these spiky animals.

Who’s the Family?

This family contains numerous species. Popular varieties like the European hedgehog and the African pygmy hedgehog, frequently kept as pets, are members of the Erinaceidae family of hedgehogs. A family of tiny to medium-sized prickly mammals is called Erinaceidae.

They are notable for their defensive spines and nocturnal behavior. The Erinaceidae family categorization stresses the unique evolutionary history and traits that distinguish hedgehogs from other mammalian groupings, including rodents in the animal kingdom.

Different Teeth

Hedgehogs have unusual teeth that separate them from rodents. While rodents have ceaselessly developing incisors. Hedgehogs have specific teeth adjusted to their insectivorous eating routine. Being omnivores, hedgehogs consume a variety of foods, including plants, leaves, frogs, slugs, snails, eggs from birds, and even some types of snakes. As a result, they require diet-appropriate teeth.

To this end, hedgehogs have little sharp teeth utilized for snatching their prey. Their canines help break food, while their strong incisors help them catch prey. Molars play a vital part in crushing bugs and other little prey. This dental game plan exhibits the hedgehog’s variation to its predatory eating routine, accentuating the unmistakable transformative ways that put them aside from rodents.


Hedgehogs are notable for their strange hibernation propensities. They are a fundamental transformation for enduring unfriendly conditions. Hedgehogs go into a condition of torpor during hibernation, slowing down their metabolism to preserve energy. Nonetheless, one of the main things to hedgehogs is their capacity to sleep.

To adapt to and endure the hard winter months, animals enter a condition of reduced metabolic activity known as hibernation. Hedgehogs locate a protected area, ball themselves into a tight ball, and suffer a sharp decrease in body temperature, respiration, and heart rate.

This state permits them to get by without normal food consumption until temperatures increase. Hibernation is an indispensable technique for hedgehogs to get through natural difficulties, displaying their wonderful capacity to adjust to occasional changes and asset shortages.

Mind those Spines

The unique spines of hedgehogs make them unique. Typically brown, these animals have rigid spines covering every body part. Remarkably, these spines are essentially modified hairs, composed of the same keratin that makes up our nails and hair. Hedgehogs are spineless and blind at birth, but within 36 hours little spines begin to sprout.

The juvenile hedgehog loses its spines as it grows and is replaced by adult spines. In contrast to porcupines, hedgehogs often don’t fall out too readily once they have developed adult spines. Hedgehogs utilize their spines as a defensive safeguard. They roll into a tight ball when they feel threatened, protecting their face, feet, and belly.

To pull off this move, hedgehogs have huge muscles on their back that control their spines. How well they’re safeguarded relies on the number of spines they have. The hunters of hedgehogs fluctuate because of the species and where they reside. In certain spots, enormous birds like owls, foxes, wolves, and mongooses are the primary dangers.

What Are Hedgehogs’ Closest Relatives?

Hedgehogs’ closest relatives are other members of the Erinaceomorpha order, including moonrats (family Galericidae) and gymnures (family Erinaceidae). These tiny, spiky animals have a shared evolutionary ancestry that is distinguished by their insectivorous diet and unique morphological characteristics.

 While hedgehogs may be found in Europe, Africa, and Asia, gymnasts are mostly located in Southeast Asia, while moonrats live in portions of Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Despite their regional variances, these species share characteristics that indicate their evolutionary ties within the Erinaceomorpha order and contribute to the great diversification of spined mammals in many places.

Are African Pygmy Hedgehogs Rodents?

No, they belong to the Erinaceidae family. African pygmy hedgehogs are small. They are insectivorous animals with peculiar dental structures, nocturnal habits, and spines.

African pygmy hedgehogs, unlike rats, have unique teeth designed for eating insects. Their teeth are made up of molars, canines, and sharp incisors, all of which are designed to feed on insects. These hedgehogs are admired for their cuteness. They are becoming a popular choice for distinctive pets.

Understanding their non-rodent categorization is critical for providing suitable care, nutrition, and habitat concerns, underlining the importance of specific information while keeping them as companions.

African Pygmy Hedgehogs

Are Hedgehogs and Porcupines Rodents?

Porcupines and hedgehogs aren’t considered. Hedgehogs are classified as Erinaceomorpha. Porcupines belong to the order Rodentia. Despite having protective spines, hedgehogs and porcupines are substantially different in terms of their evolutionary histories and biological classifications. Hedgehogs are tiny, insectivorous animals with well-known dental structures that include sharp incisors, canines, and molars tailored to their diet.

On the other hand, Porcupines are rodents with continually developing incisors, which are unique to the Rodentia order. Understanding their distinct classifications is critical for recognizing the many branches of the mammalian family tree and debunking myths about these spiky species. Regardless of shallow likenesses, hedgehogs and porcupines share a shared trait in their spiked protection components however have a place with particular and irrelevant orders inside the collective of animals.

At the point when gone after, a porcupine doesn’t move into a ball. It aims at the predator with the quills on its tail. Assuming that any stick into the aggressor, the finishes of the plumes have spikes, which make the plume segregate and stay stuck into the assailant, making them escape.

Hedgehogs vs. Porcupines

There’s frequently confusion around the link between porcupines and hedgehogs. While both feature protecting spines, a closer look exposes the divergent evolutionary pathways. Porcupines belong to the order Rodentia, although hedgehogs do not. Understanding these characteristics helps to unravel the complexities of hedgehog classification.

Porcupines vs Hedgehogs

Are Hedgehogs Marsupials?

Hedgehogs are not marsupials. Hedgehogs have a place with the request Erinaceomorpha and are named placental well-evolved creatures. Hedgehogs give birth to relatively well-developed offspring, in contrast to marsupials, which carry and nurture their undeveloped young in pouches.

Hedgehog reproduction has a brief gestation period, usually lasting four to six weeks. The female hedgehog gives birth to fully developed but small hoglets. These hoglets are not carried in a pouch; instead, they rely on their mother for care and safety. The differentiation among marsupials and placental vertebrates is basic for understanding the set of all animals’ different proliferation processes.


Q1. Does a hedgehog meet the classification of a rodent?

Not, they are members of the genus Erinaceomorpha. Hedgehogs have a variable dental design, with molars, canines, and sharp incisors adjusted for a bug-based diet.

Q2. Which is the most common rodent?

The house mouse is the most typical rodent seen in American houses.

Q3. Are hedgehogs known for their friendliness?

Hedgehogs may be amiable if properly socialized. It’s very easy to focus on their natural habits. Hedgehog provides a stress-free environment.

Q4. What eats a hedgehog?

Hedgehog hunters incorporate owls, foxes, wolves, and mongooses, which differ as indicated by the species and region. In the United Kingdom, badgers are common hedgehog predators.

Q5. Who is the most dangerous enemy of a hedgehog?

Badgers are the enemies of hedgehogs mostly in the UK. They are the only creatures powerful enough to overcome the spiky defenses of a hedgehog.


In conclusion, knowing the nuances of their classification helps to answer the question, “Are hedgehogs rodents?” Hedgehogs are particularly the African pygmy. Hedgehogs are members of the Erinaceomorpha order instead of the rodent family.

By examining the differences between hedgehogs and porcupines, we may further clarify the uncertainty around these fascinating species. Whether you want to keep a hedgehog as a pet or just learn more about these spiky creatures, recognizing their non-rodent status expands our comprehension of the animal realm.